the Cape Vulture, (Gyps coprotheres), It is endemic to Southern Africa, and is found mainly in South Africa, Lesotho. Botswana and in some parts of northern Namibia. It nests on cliffs and lays one egg per year.
This large vulture is dark brown except for the pale wing coverts. The adult is paler than the juvenile, and its under wing coverts can appear almost white at a distance. The average length is about 96–115 cm (38–45 in) with a wingspan of 2.26–2.6 m (7.4–8.5 ft.) and a body weight of 7–11 kg (15–24 lb.). They are on average the largest raptor in Africa.
The two prominent bare skin patches at the base of the neck, are thought to be temperature sensors and used for detecting the presence of thermals.
The species is listed by the IUCN as "Vulnerable", the major problems it faces being poisoning, disturbance at breeding colonies and power line electrocution. The current population is estimated at 8,000.