Impala a very common antelope..

An impala is a medium-sized African antelope. The name impala comes from the Zulu language meaning "gazelle". They are found in savannahs and thick bushveld in Kenya, Tanzania, Swaziland,Mozambique, northern Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, north eastern South Africa and Uganda. Impalas can be found in great numbers in the Kruger National Park. There are reputed to be as many as 150 000 Impala in the park..

A common food source for Lion, Leopard, wild dog, and Hyena.

Females and young form herds of up to 200 individuals. When food is plentiful, adult males will establish territories. Females pass through the territories that have the best food resources. Territorial males round up any female herds that enter their grounds, and will chase away bachelor males that follow. They will even chase away recently weaned males. A male impala tries to prevent any female from leaving his territory.

The breeding season of impalas, also called rutting, begins toward the end of the wet season in May. The entire affair typically lasts approximately three weeks. While young are usually born after six to seven months, the mother has the ability to delay giving birth for an additional month if conditions are harsh. When giving birth, a female impala will isolate herself from the herd, despite numerous attempts by the male to keep her in his territory. The impala mother will keep the fawn in an isolated spot for a few days or even leave it lying out in hiding for a few days, weeks, or more before returning to the herd. There, the fawn will join a nursery group and will go to its mother only to nurse or when predators are near. Fawns are suckled for four to six months. Males who mature are forced out of the group and will join bachelor herds.

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